Have you ever visited the ruins of Edzna in Campeche ? Not many people find their way to this amazing city of the ancient Mayas.
Edzna – The House of the Itza in Campeche
The city is located 1 hour by car from Campeche, the capital of the state of Campeche and around 3 hours from Merida. It is near the gulf coast in the south-west of the peninsula Yucatan.
The name Edzna might mean House of the Itza – what shows a possible relationship between Edzna and Chichen Itza.
The area has a size of 25 km². There are several huge buildings – temples and pyramids – of the classical period, that can be found there. Edzna was inhabited at a minimum between 400 BC and 1500 AC during a period of nearly 2000 years.
The ancient ruins were discovered in 1907 and an organized excavation work began in 1958. Since the 1980′ bigger efforts for the restoration have been started.
Door openings in the front of the pyramid
The center of Edzna is the Gran Acropolis a big square with several buildings. The main building is the Edificio de los Cinco Pisos – the temple of the five stories. This pyramid with the five levels has a lot very unusual door openings in its front. These openings lead to the conclusion, that the pyramid itself was inhabited.
Impressive is the temple of the masks – templo de los mascarones – with two figures of the sun god in very good condition.
Complex water management system
A complex water management system can be found everywhere on the area. It’s purpose was the de-watering of the city area. Several channels did lead to a Laguna near by. Beside the drain, the channels were used for transportation, watering of fields, defense and breeding fishes.
Some words about Campeche
Since 1999 Campeche has the status of a UNESCO world heritga site. The town with 250.000 inhabitants was founded in 1540 by Spanish conquistadors. During the times Campeche was attacked several times by pirates. Strong fortifications of this time can still be visited.
The city center still shows the old colonial style, but without the masses of tourists as you will meet them e.g. in the much smaller San Cristobal. Located at the gulf coast, Campeche invites to eat at some excellent sea food locations.
The English description in Wikipedia is very short – here is a Spanish version that contains many more details –> http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edzn%C3%A1
All photos were taken by me in 2012.