El Castillo in Chichen Itza

The Top 5 Maya Sites at the Riviera Maya – Mexico -Yucatán Peninsula

This post answers the question: Which are the top Maya sites at the Riviera Maya in Mexico?

Are you dreaming of your next vacation at one of the amazing beaches at the Caribbean coast of the Yucatan Peninsula? Or have you booked your travel and you are already there, in México, in Cancun, Playa del Carmen or Tulum? And now, after you have been there for a while, it get’s boring, sitting around in your resort or at the beach, day after day?

You ask yourself: What else can I do at the Riviera Maya?

What about a little bit of culture then? Why not visit one or more of the famous Maya Sites. I promise you, visiting these places is worthwhile. This post is about those of the big sites that you can reach easily with a day trip or less.

Strand in der Karibik
Beach at the Riviera Maya


The ancient Maya – a lost civilization

When the Spanish “Conquistadores” arrived in Yucatan 500 years ago, the Maya culture had already existed for more than 2000 years. However, they only found remnants of the once-flowering Maya civilization. Long before the arrival of the Spaniards, the decline had begun, and numerous ancient Mayan cities with gigantic pyramids and magnificent temples had already been lost in the jungle forest, covered by plants, when the conquerors arrived. These Maya cities were scattered all over the peninsula, but some of them were very close to the Carribean coast.

The east coast of the Yucatan Peninsula stretches for nearly 2000 km from north to south along the Caribbean coast of Mexico and Belize. From the island of Holbox in the north, along with the tourist centers of Cancun, Playa del Carmen and Tulum, the coastline is called Riviera Maya. In less than 30 years, the landscape has been transformed from an almost uninhabited coastal landscape with small fisher villages into a booming tourist region with mega-cities, airports, and hotels. Each year the area is visited by thousands of tourists from all over the world who spend their holidays there.

Day trips into America’s past – the Maya sites

Apart from the picturesque beaches and the warm waters of the Caribbean, there are many more entertaining possibilities to spend your holiday time. Diving and snorkeling in the Caribbean Sea, swimming and diving trips, freshwater-filled cenotes, living at or just visiting stately haciendas and colonial cities and, of course, numerous restaurants with the local cuisine, offer a change of scenery. But these are not the only ways to bring variety into your holidays. After all, you are in an area where probably the most advanced stone age culture, the Maya, left their magnificent structures, art, temples and pyramids. Some of these Maya settlements are now open for Tourists and offer the possibility for a day trip.

READ  Yakcheonsa Buddhist Temple - Jeju Island

So for your question:

What to do in Cancun and at the Riviera Maya?

There is an answer:

Visit the five best Maya sites at the Riviera Maya!

The five most important Maya sites near the Riviera Maya are these:

  • Chichen Itzá
  • Tulum
  • Coba
  • Ek Balam
  • San Gervasio at the island of Cozumel

Let’s begin with:

Chichen Itzá

The most important pyramid city in the Mayan region is undoubtedly Chichen Itzá. Most hotels or the small tourist offices in your holiday town offer day trips to this place.

El Castillo - Chichen Itza - Featured
El Castillo – Chichen Itzá


Chichen Itzá is known for the superbly restored pyramid of Kukulkan or  El Castillo. It got its name due to the temple of Kukulkan, which is located on its upper platform. Kukulkan is a  god of the ancient Maya who is often portrayed as a feathered serpent. It is the Mayan variant of the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl.

The astronomical aspects of this building are interesting. At each of its 4 sides, a staircase with 91 steps leads upwards. Together with the uppermost base of the Kukulkan temple, the steps add up to the number 365, which corresponds to the days of a solar year. During the solstice, the sun produces the impression of a snake, descending at the edge of the pyramid.

For some time it had been known, that there was an older building inside the Kukulkan pyramid. The builders of what is today’s visible pyramid had simply built over this older building. And recently, archaeologists have found that there is another, third temple inside the outer ones. One can, therefore, look forward to more important discoveries in Chichen Itzá.

But this is not the only imposing building at the site.
The ball court was the largest of its kind in the world of the ancient Maya. Here the played the ball game. The Mayan word for the ball game was “Pitzi”.

There are theories that the losers of the game were sacrificed to the gods. But some “Mayanists” believe that the sacrifices of the gods were regarded as honorable in a way that the teams played for it, and finally the winners had the honor to end on the sacrificial altar…


Der Schneckenturm - El Caracol in Chichen Itza
Snail Tower – El Caracol in Chichen Itzá


Another important building is the Temple of the Warriors. Like “El Castillo” it has another temple built over its interior. Directly next to it you can find the square of the thousand pillars. Not far away is the observatory, also called the “Snail Tower” located.
You should not miss the large water-filled cenote, the “Cenote Sagrada”. The priests of the ancient Maya used to through their victims into it and to drown them in hope to get benefits from their gods.
In addition to the buildings mentioned, there are numerous smaller temples and palaces on the site of Chichen Itzá.

READ  Xaman-Ha - The unknown temple ruins of Playa del Carmen - Riviera Maya

In order to visit Chichen Itzá in a most relaxing way, it is advisable to be at the entrance at a very early time, to be among the first visitors to enter the area in the morning. Big crowds of tourists reach this place during the day and it will become uncomfortable.

Read more about this Maya city in my article about Chichen Itzá:


In case you plan a round trip on the Yucatan Peninsula, check out my article about Yucatan:


And of course, very helpful: my book

>> The Maya Sites – Hidden Treasures of the Rain Forest,

that can be purchased as an eBook or a printed version at Amazon.


Almost as famous, but much smaller is the ancient Maya city of Tulum, located directly on the Caribbean coast. The small site is known very well in the world but became famous since teen star Justin Bieber ignored the barriers, entered one of the ancient temples and was kicked out in order by the site’s security guards.

Tempel des Windes - Tulum - Yucatan
Temple of the Wind – Tulum – Yucatan

Tulum probably served as a port for the nearby Maya city of Cobá in the ancient times. The buildings are picturesque in front of the background with the turquoise colored sea but are relatively small. A wall, some 5 meters high, divides the city from the surrounding jungle.

The main town of the modern Tulum has largely been spared from tourism. Most accommodations are located at the beach, 2 km away from the town. Nevertheless, there are many small hotels and hostels in the town itself. The accommodations here are far cheaper than those of the beach resorts and the coastline can easily be reached by borrowed bikes.

You can find more detailed information about the individual temple buildings and the history in my article about Tulum:

Read more: Tulum – turquoise sea and temple ruins on the Riviera Maya


Cobá was a very large city of the Maya. It is located about 40 km from Tulum in the interior of the country. The area, which is accessible to tourists today, is so large that you even can rent a bike or a rickshaw with a driver at the entrance to the complex.

Die große Pyramide in Coba
The great pyramid – Cobá

The paths within the complex are lined with dense forest so that you usually walk in the shade.

The highlight of Cobá is the great pyramid. Besides the one in Ek Balam, it is the only pyramid you are allowed to climb up in Northern Yucatan. And the pyramid of Cobá is the highest pyramid at all in Northern Yucatán.
The view over the jungle is impressive. You can see some other pyramid buildings at a distance, looking out of the dense green of the canopy.
Two large lakes are located on the edge of the site area. Swimming is not recommended there, due to the crocodiles!

READ  Coba, ruled by women - highest pyramid of Yucatan at the Riviera Maya

You can find more interesting information about Cobá in my post:

Read More: Cobá – ruled by women?

Ek Balam

In Ek Balam, it is allowed to climb the great pyramid too. But like in Coba this is recommended for dizzy people only. The stairs are very narrow and much higher than usual stairs.

Die große Akropolis in Ek Balam
The Acropolis in Ek Balam

The archway, the oval temple, and the great Acropolis are the main buildings in Ek Balam. But the unquestionable highlight is the gigantic relief and the snake mouth gate, both halfway up on the left side of the pyramid. A large roof protects them from the tropical rain.

Ek Balam is located about 30 km north of Valladolid and can be easily reached from the Riviera Maya.

Here is more information about Ek Balam >>>

Read More: Ek Balam – The Black Jaguar

San Gervasio

San Gervasio is an unknown Maya site on the island of Cozumel. Only a few tourists find their way there. The complex is relatively extended. So you have to walk a long way of several kilometers if you want to see all the important buildings.

The ancient buildings are rather small compared to the great pyramids of the mainland. Archway, small and big house are some of the important structures that you can visit here.

Ka’na Nah - Das hohe Haus in San Gervasio auf Cozumel
Ka’na Nah – The Tall House – San Gervasio – Cozumel

However, San Gervasio was an important center of pilgrimage for the Maya, because they worshiped their goddess Ixchel here. Ixchel or sometimes written as Ix-Chel was the goddess of fertility in the ancient times.  The island was the place where the Spanish conquerors first got in contact with the Maya civilization.

Cozumel is only 45 minutes by ferry from Playa del Carmen. On the island you can use a taxi or rent a scooter to reach the site, that is located in the center of the island. The east coast of the island is known as a diving paradise.

In my article about San Gervasio, I have described this Maya site more precisely:

Read More: San Gervasio – pilgrimage to Ixchel – Cozumel

The Top 5 Maya Sites at the Riviera Maya – Mexico -Yucatán Peninsula was last modified: February 23rd, 2018 by Christian Schoen

Further reading:

Check my book or eBook at Amazon:


>>> Get it at Amazon >>> The Maya Sites - Hidden Treasures of the Rain Forest
>>> Get it at Amazon >>> The Maya Sites - Hidden Treasures of the Rain Forest

2 thoughts on “The Top 5 Maya Sites at the Riviera Maya – Mexico -Yucatán Peninsula”

  1. Woooow, stunning places! It looks so exciting to be there and to live the experience. I wish I could visit this places some day… soon!

    Thanks a lot for sharing your pics with us! It’s inspiring.

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