Palenque – Misty and Mystic in the Jungle of Chiapas

High temperatures and humidity will accompany you when you go for a visit to the ancient Maya town Palenque. The ruins of this town were covered by jungle for more than 1000 years. When the archaeologist Stephens visited Palenque in 1841 he had to cut a path through the jungle.

Today it’s quite simple to get there. The city of Palenque has a small, modern Airport, but a trip with an air-conditioned overnight-bus from Cancun or Mexico City is possible as well. (See >>> “Getting Around..”)

Palenque - Scull Temple
Palenque – Scull Temple

Palenque is located in the lowlands of Chiapas, not far from the river Rio Usumacinta and close to the border to Guatemala. It was built in a landscape full of hills. Sometimes the natural structure of a hill is used in the construction of a temple. Very impressive is the surrounding sub-tropical rain forest. It’s possible to watch and hear howling monkeys. Sometimes clouds of fog rise from the forest between, adding a mystic character to the scenery with the ancient temples.

The site of Palenque was inhabited for at least 400 years from 400 AC to 800 AC. But there were found inscriptions that date back to 900 BC. Having in mind, that 6% of the ruins have been examined so far, it might be that more surprising facts will be revealed in the future. Like all other Mayan centers of the classic period, Palenque was abandoned around 800 AC. It’s still an unanswered question, why the Mayas have left their cities at this time.

Palenque - the cross group, view from the Temple of the Foliated Cross, on the left side the Temple of the Sun, on the right side the Temple of the Cross
Palenque – the cross group, view from the Temple of the Foliated Cross, on the left side the Temple of the Sun, on the right side the Temple of the Cross

The most famous structures in Palenque are the Temple of Inscriptions and the Palace. The Palace is located in the middle of the area. A small observation tower shows up on one side. Many reliefs can be seen there.

Palenque - Detail of the Scull Temple
Palenque – Detail of the Scull Temple

The Temple of Inscriptions covers the grave of Pakal the Great, whose real Name was  K’inich Janaab Pakal I. Pakal ruled the City from 615 – 683, for nearly 70 years.

Palenque - The Temple of the Sun
Palenque – The Temple of the Sun

Other buildings of the site are the Temple of the Sun, the Temple of the Cross and the Temple of the Foliated Cross.

Palenque - Part of the Cross Group - on the left side: the Temple of the Cross, on the right side: the Temple of the Sun
Palenque – Part of the Cross Group – on the left side: the Temple of the Cross, on the right side: the Temple of the Sun

In the southern area, more big structures can be found.  Very beautiful is a small creek with several cascades. At the exit of the site, one can visit the site museum, that was build in 1960.

Palenque - Temples of the World
Palenque – Left the Palace, Right the Temple of Inscriptions

Additional Information:

Wikipedia article about Palenque : http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palenque
Article at UNESCO World Heritage : http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/411

>>> Google Maps: Palenque  


My book is available at Amazon or in your favorite bookshop - as ebook or print.

The Maya Sites - Hidden Treasures of the Rain Forest - 2nd Edition

ISBN-13: 978-3000601422

Get the book at Amazon
Get it at Amazon!

Christian Schoen

Christian Schoen is a globetrotter, travel writer and author of the very successful travel guide "Die Ruinenstädte der Maya", published in Germany. He loves to visit temples, pyramids and any kind of ancient ruins. The SLR in his hand, he can be met on adventurous hiking tours in tropical jungle landscapes - sometimes - or just somewhere in his neighbourhood, the Black Forest Mountains in Germany.

2 Responses

  1. Jim Liston says:

    Hi, I just wanted to let you know that the 19th edition of the Byteful Travel Blog Carnival will be on JimsGotWeb.com on July 31st. Be sure to go to BlogCarnival.com and submit your travel posts by July 27th to be listed in the Carnival.

    I look forward to reading all of your interesting travel articles. See you at the Carnival!

    Jim

  2. admin says:

    Hi Jim,
    thank you for the reminder ! The last blog carnival was great. I will try to submit a new article to the next one. And congratulation, that it’s you again !
    Christian

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